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Apa Citing A Paraphraseing A Secondary Source. APA Citation Style 7th edition. A guide to help users create citations using APA American Psychological Association style 7th edition. General Style Guidelines.
Fongs 2003 study as cited in Bertram 2009 found that older students memory can. A paraphrase restates anothers idea or your own previously published idea in your own words. Paraphrasing allows you to summarize and synthesize information from one or more sources focus on significant information and compare and contrast relevant details.
Published authors paraphrase their sources most of the time rather than directly quoting the sources. Student authors should emulate this practice by paraphrasing more than directly quoting. Cite secondary sources sparinglyfor instance when the original work is out of print unavailable or available only in a language that you do not understand.
If possible as a matter of good scholarly practice find the primary source read it and cite it directly rather than citing a secondary source. If possible as a matter of good scholarly practice find the primary source read it and cite it directly rather than citing a secondary source. Rules for Secondary Source Citations.
In the reference list provide an entry only for the secondary source that you used. In the text identify the primary source and write as cited in the secondary source that you used. If the year of publication of the primary source is known also include it in the in-text citation.
To cite a secondary source identify the original author in your document and cite the text where you found the information American Psychological Association 2010 p. For example if you quoted Soupers text which you found in Greens book you should reference Green because you read Greens book. Souper as cited in Green 2017 noted that.
Works Quoted in Another Source Secondary Source How do you cite a source that you found in another source. Sometimes an author of a book article or website will mention another persons work by using a quotation or paraphrased idea from that source. This may be called a secondary source.
An indirect citation or secondary source is when the ideas of one author are published in another authors text but you have not read or accessed the original authors work. Include both the original author and year and the author and year of the work where quoteidea was found in the in-text reference. Add as cited in before the author in the in-text reference.
This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual ie APA 7 which released in October 2019. The equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style can be found here. Because the 7 th edition of the APA Publication Manual heavily emphasizes digital and electronic sources it does not contain explicit instructions for.
However if you need to cite an indirect source as the manual refers to secondary sources if what you quote or paraphrase is itself a quotation put the abbreviation qtd. In quoted in before the indirect source you cite in your parenthetical reference. In APA Style each reference cited in text must appear in the reference list and each entry in the reference list must be cited in text p.
Thus if authors are referencing only a secondary source the page number they provide for a direct quotation would be from that secondary source. Even if you put information or an idea into your own words by summarising or paraphrasing you must cite the original author or researcher and the date of publication. Although it is not required to provide page or paragraph numbers in the citation for a paraphrase they may be included when it would help an interested reader locate the relevant passage within a long or complex work eg.
APA Style Your reference list entry includes only the source you actually read Beaujot in the sample text above. Because in----text citations correspond to the reference list cite only the secondary source Beaujot in parentheses and acknowledge the original author in the sentence itself. Example 1 ---- Quotes.
Quotations must be identical to the original using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words.
A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. If the source you are paraphrasing is long or complex a page number would help the reader find the original material. Place a lowercase p followed by a period and a space before the page number.
If youre paraphrasing material over more than one page use two lowercase ps followed by a period. Paragraph within a chapter or section. 3or Plant-Based Foods section para.
3 Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the authors last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses. An APA in-text citation is included in research projects in three instances. When using a direct quote paraphrasing information or simply referring to a piece of information from another source.
Quite often researchers and scholars use a small amount of text word for word from another source and include it in their own research projects. If you had to go to a source to find the information cite it. If all the information in a paragraph comes from the same source you may cite at the end of the paragraph.
If however you have used more than one source in the paragraph provide the citation after the material borrowed. Quoting Paraphrasing and Summarizing. All citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent in a Reference List.
A hanging indent means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 05 inches. Below is a link to an APA sample paper that contains instructions about how to format a hanging indent in a paper. How to Cite Summaries or Paraphrases Even if you put information in your own words by summarizing or paraphrasing you must cite the original author or researcher and the date of publication.
You are also encouraged to provide a page or paragraph number. Check with your instructor to see if page numbers are required.
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