Q Can I Use One Citation At The End Of A Multiple Sentence Paragraph Or Do Have To Cite For Every Answer
Apa How To Cite Mutiple Sntences That Were Paraphrased. A paraphrase may continue for several sentences. In such cases cite the work being paraphrased on first mention. Once the work has been cited it is not necessary to repeat the citation as long as the context of the writing makes it clear that the same work continues to be paraphrased.
You need to make clear where someone elses narration stops and you begin with your own words. Therefore putting one citation at the end of a paragraph paraphrase is NOT APA compliant. If paraphrasing multiple consecutive sentences from the same source cite each sentence to avoid plagiarism.
When you write information from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows. Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlbys studies Hunt 1993. If you refer to the authors name.
Citing a Long Paraphrase APA 2020 p. 270 If a long paraphrase continues for several sentences cite the source on first mention. It is not necessary to repeat the citation as long as the context of the writing makes it clear that the same work continues to be paraphrased.
Use a lead-in at the beginning of your paragraph. Basically introduce the source you are summarizing or paraphrasing at the beginning of the paragraph. Then refer back to the source when needed to ensure your reader understands you are still using the same source.
In APA after every sentence that is not your idea you put a citation in parentheses such as. Last Name Year or Quotation. Last Name Year p.
Page Number of the source where you got that information. Charges of plagiarism can be avoided by including the proper citation of the work you are drawing from in your paraphrase. The APA requires a paraphrase to include the authors last name and the works year of publication but also suggests that the page number of the original text be included.
Lets look at an example of a cited paraphrase. When paraphrasing or summarising using one source over several sentences or even a whole paragraph cite the source in the first sentence. There is no need to cite the work again in this paragraph provided it is clear that this is the only source being paraphrased.
The APA Style and Grammar Guidelines provide this example. To highlight the work s most directly relevant to your point in a given sentence place those citations first within parentheses in alphabetical order and then insert a semicolon and a phrase such as see also before the first of the remaining citations which should also be in alphabetical order. Assuming you have written an entire paragraph that is a paraphrase from another article and you want to know how to cite it the answer is it will depend on what citation style youre using.
MLA and APA are the two most commonly used citation styles. The best way to solve this problem and still make your paper easy to read is to use a lead-in referring to your source at the beginning of a sentence or at the start of the paragraph signal phrase. You can alternate this with putting the in-text cite in parentheses at the end of other sentences or the paragraph.
Citing Paraphrased Work in APA Style by Timothy McAdoo As the Publication Manual notes citing your sources is imperative. Whether paraphrasing quoting an author directly or describing an idea that influenced your work you must credit the source p. If you are paraphrasing or summarizing information from a source APA only requires you to cite the authors last name and year of publication in your in-text citation.
Some educational theorists suggest that schooling and a focus on teaching literacy divided society into educated and uneducated classes Cook-Gumperz 1986. To properly cite the ideas of an author who you have paraphrased in two or more sentences in a row you will need to include a reference to the author and the appropriate parenthetical citation at the end of the last paraphrased sentence. Thus an APA paraphrase follows author-date format without indicating page numbers they are only indicated for direct quotes.
There are two ways of delivering such in-text citations. Parenthetical paraphrasing is one in which information about source authors family name followed by publication year separated by comma is indicated at the end of sentence in parentheses. When citing paraphrased information APA requires you to include the author and date.
It is also recommended but not required that you include the page number. The format of the page number depends on if the information is on a single page or range of pages. Examples of Citing Paraphrased Information at the Beginning of a Sentence.
To paraphrase means to describe a sources passage completely in your own words and with your own sentence structure. Changing a sources words here and there or adding words to a sources sentence is known as patchwork or mosaic plagiarismit is not proper paraphrasingParaphrase when a sources passage is complex or written in a way that doesnt. Multiple sources within the same parenthetical citation should be listed alphabetically by author.
Separate each citation with a semicolon. For more information about citing multiple words in the same citation see Section 812 on pages 263-264 fo the APA Manual 7th edition.
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