Avoid Plagiarism Quoting Paraphrasing And Summarizing
Are Quotation Marks Necessary On Paraphrases. Paraphrases and summaries do not use quotation marks and require the authors last name and year of publication. Page number is not required for paraphrases and summaries. When citing a source you always have two choices.
1 Write the authors name as part of your sentence in the text. 2 Write the authors name in the parentheses. When you use quotations you must always use quotation marks to show that these words belong to someone else.
When you write a paraphrase or use a quotation you must include citations to stay honest with your academic work. After we practice paraphrasing and quoting we will work on citations in the next chapter. When quoting place quotation marks around the selected passage to show where the quote begins and where it ends.
Make sure to include an in-text citation. Paraphrasing is used to show that you understand what the author wrote. You must reword the passage expressing the ideas in your own words and not just change a few words here and there.
Quotations must be identical to the original using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words.
A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Updated March 07 2018. Paraphrasing is one tool writers use to avoid plagiarism.
Along with direct quotations and summaries its a fair use of another persons work which can be incorporated into your own writing. At times you can make more impact by paraphrasing a quotation instead of quoting it verbatim. At the top of the note card write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase.
Check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form. Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source. Paraphrasing is the formulation of someone elses ideas in your own words while quotation is using someone elses idea in your work exactly as it was written with the inclusion of a quotation mark.
Paraphrasing requires you to rewrite sentences or paragraphs without changing its meaning. In academic writing it is usually preferable to paraphrase instead of quoting. However you might need to quote if you want to provide a precise definition or provide evidence.
A writer might deem it crucial to retain a partial quote but if the speaker uses the first person the quotation wont fit the reportorial third-person framing and a paraphrase is necessary. Her response was that she had definitely locked the door on her way out Alternatively you could paraphrase part of the direct quote Her response was that she had definitely locked the door on her way out but again with diminishing returns. Because the quoted material is set off from the main text it is not necessary to use quotation marks.
Style varies but at a minimum a block quotation should have a bigger left-hand margin than the main text. Use a pair of single quotation marks to enclose a title direct quotation or piece of dialogue that appears within another quotation. Josie once said I dont read much poetry but I love the sonnet Be-Bop-a-Lula.
Remember that you can use direct quotations of phrases from the original within your paraphrase and that you dont need to change or put quotation marks around shared language see box above. If youre not paraphrasing which we will also discuss you must put quotation marks around the quote. They are used to indicate the information taken from a source with no alterations.
There are a few differences between the American and British styles of using inverted commas. Similar to quoting paraphrasing can be used to prove a point or to present an idea. However a key difference that one can notice is that in paraphrasing the quotation marks are not used.
Since this is not an original idea it is important to cite although we are using our words. Here is an example of an instance of paraphrasing. When you use a source you must choose between either quoting the exact words of the source or composing a paraphrase.
If you want to use the exact words of the source you must enclose them in quotation marks and they must accurately reproduce the original. If you want to express an idea or information found in a source without quoting you must paraphrase. Both the text and the quotation are double-spaced with no additional space preceding the quotation.
In most situations paraphrases along with a few judiciously chosen embedded quotations are more effective than long block quotations. Ellipsis Interpolation and Other Changes to Quotations. A paraphrase is used in place of the actual quote.
Since they are your own words there is no need for quotation marks. However it is typical to restate the quoted material so that it does not read word for word like the original. For example I can say According to Benjamin Franklin A penny saved is a penny earned.
Quotations are exact phrases taken directly from the source material. They are denoted by quotation marks that enclose the specific borrowed phrase. Paraphrases convey the meaning of the source while using new and unique word choice and grammatical structure.
It is still important to credit and cite the source and author but there should not be quotation marks because it is not a direct. You need to cite the source either in parentheses or in a footnote. You dont have to use quotation marks.
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