Chicago Citation Format Footnote And How To Make Them N D Retrieved January 25 2017 From Http Www Easybib Com G Style
Can I Paraphrase In A Footnote. It is best to paraphrase your information as much as you can so that your paper is in your own words. Too many direct quotes disrupts the flow of your paper and is distracting. Also by being able to put the information in your own words shows that you have grasped the information from the original source.
Paraphrasing can be tricky. You need to make sure that you dont copy the original authors style or wording. Even if you have a citation such borrowing would be considered plagiarism.
Paraphrases should sound like you using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work. To make sure you are not plagiarizing unintentionally think about and jot down the sources main points. Basic Structure In Chicago style footnotes or endnotes are used to reference pieces of work in the text.
To cite from a source a superscript number is placed after a quote or a paraphrase. Citation numbers should appear in sequential order. Footnotes are listed at the bottom of the page on which a citation is made.
A numeral is placed in the text to indicate the cited work and again at the bottom of the page in front of the footnote. A footnote lists the author title and details of publication in that order. Footnotes are used when there are only a small number of references.
That takes the place of quotation marks but you still have to footnote your source. When you put somebody elses ideas into your own words you dont use quotation marks but you still must footnote your source. Otherwise you are stealing his ideas and claiming them as your own.
Footnote citations are also found in the body of a research project but footnotes look different from parenthetical citations and are used in Chicago format and other styles. Their purpose is the same as parenthetical citations in that footnotes are used anytime a direct line of text or paraphrase is added into a research project. Using footnotes for citations.
Citation styles such as Chicago A OSCOLA Turabian and ACS require the use of footnote citations instead of author-date in-text citations. This means that if you want to cite a source you add a superscript number at the end of the sentence that includes the information from this source. This number corresponds to a footnote or endnote citation where you.
To plagiarize is not allowed. On universities it can lead to suspension of the student. Two types of in-text-citation When mentioning sources in-text you have the option of either paraphrasing or quote.
Paraphrasing is the method of summarizing somebody elses work in your own words. In this guide students can learn about the different uses for footnotes as well as how to format footnotes according to APA Style. All of the information here comes straight from the 7th edition of the Publication Manual.
How to use footnotes. There are two primary reasons why an author would use footnotes. Using a footnote citation for content.
There are different ways you can incorporate an in-text citation into your work. Usually the authors surnames the date and page numbers if necessary appear in brackets - as in 1 above but if you want to use the authors names as part of your sentance you can do so as in examples 2 and 3 above. Example of a paraphrase.
Use a new number each time you include a new quote or paraphrase even if you use only one or two sources. Notes are arranged in numerical order either at the bottom of the page as footnotes or in a list at the end of your paper as endnotes. Indent the first line of the note five spaces or the same number of spaces that you use to indent paragraphs.
In addition to quotation marks or indenting all quoted material should also be cited using either footnotes endnotes or in-text citation. To paraphrase is to include the ideas or information from an original source in your paper by rephrasing those ideas or information in your own words. The key to successful paraphrasing is to use as few words as possible from the original text--be mindful not to change the meaning that you are trying to convey as you rephrase--and to cite.
Footnotes should be used whenever a source is quoted or paraphrased in the text. They appear at the bottom of the relevant page corresponding to reference numbers in the text. You can easily insert footnotes in Microsoft Word.
The reference number appears in superscript at the end of the clause or sentence it refers to. When doing a long summaryparaphrase ie. A whole paragraph it is best to include the name and the articlewebsitebook title up front this alerts the reader in general where your information is coming from.
Then only put a footnote at the end of the paragraph. Rather than quoting the source in its entirety each time it is cited footnotes are used for a cleaner layout. In some circumstances entire paragraphs can be cited as long as the entire paragraph belongs to only one source that isnt interrupted by a quotation.
A paraphrase may continue for several sentences. In such cases cite the work being paraphrased on first mention. Once the work has been cited it is not necessary to repeat the citation as long as the context of the writing makes it clear that the same work continues to be paraphrased.
This resource updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8 th ed offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers in-text citations endnotesfootnotes and the Works Cited page. Because long explanatory notes can be distracting to readers most academic style guidelines including MLA and APA the American Psychological Association. Paraphrasing or summarizing without citation occurs when a writer changes the words of an original source but uses the ideas in it without acknowledging that those ideas are not his or her original thoughts even if the writer adds his or her own spin to the original.
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