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Chicago Page Number When Paraphrasing. Page numbers should be included in your Chicago in-text citations when. Youre quoting from the text. Youre paraphrasing a particular passage.
Youre referring to information from a specific section. When youre referring to the overall argument or general content of a source its unnecessary to include page numbers. Paraphrase in Paper Chicago Note Baumgartner and Morris suggest that their findings could have implications for the 2008 presidential election in which the field of candidates will not include an incumbent and the candidates may be lesser known to the general public.
Quotation over 100 words. Start a new paragraph. Enter text as a free-standing block of text.
Indent text on left margin by one half inch. Place the reference with page number s at the end of the quote after punctuation. Do not use quotation marks.
When paraphrasing you must cite the original source. Page numbers should be given in order to assist in locating the relevant passages within the source material unless you are referring to the ideas of a whole work in general see example below. There are many ways to paraphrase material.
Here are more examples and some advice. How to Cite Material Without Page Numbers. If the cited material does not have page numbers such as may occur with some e-books and you need them for an in-text citation use any of the following location information instead.
A paragraph number if provided. Alternatively you can count paragraphs down from. However all citation styles require page numbers if you quoted the source directly.
If the source is not paginated some styles require you to use an abbreviation such as np Check your style guide to be sure. MLA and Chicago among other styles do not require the abbreviation p or pp before page numbers. Chicago referencing says that when a source does not include page numbers you can cite a chapter or paragraph number if available a section heading or a descriptive phrase that follows the organizational divisions of the work.
Chicago referencing does allow you to just give the page number in brackets for successive citations of the same source so if the book is the only source you are citing in the essay you would only need to give a full citation once. For Turabian Probably Chicago as well though I am particularly familiar with the Turabian guide not Chicago directly When doing a long summaryparaphrase ie. A whole paragraph it is best to include the name and the articlewebsitebook title up front this alerts the reader in general where your information is coming from.
Then only put a footnote at the end of the paragraph. You always need a page number for paraphrasing. When you summarize a whole text theres no need to include a particular page number but when its a specific section or passage from the text its still useful to include a page range showing where to find the relevant information in the text.
Theories in your own words paraphrasing you must acknowledge your sources. The Chicago notes-bibliography style is a numbered system whereby authorship is acknowledged using a number to represent the reference. The reader can follow this in-text number to the corresponding number in the footnote or endnote.
Page numbers for direct quotations and paraphrases Note. No punctuation appears between the author and date. Page numbers follow the date preceded by a comma.
Woodward 1987 74 Basic Format In-text citations can be done in two ways. Use a signal phrase that introduces the authors name. Place the year of.
Microsoft Word - Citing Secondary or Indirect Sources REVISED 2014 jh MU substantialdocx Created Date. This page describes what to do when quoting or paraphrasing using the Chicago note-bibliography. The page number is only given in the footnote and not in the bibliography.
When gathering data it is important to remember that only relevant types of demographic information should be. Although et al is a Latin phrase in Chicago style it is not italicised. Please note that all authors names are listed in the Reference List.
Volume numbers included For multivolume publications include the date then a comma followed by the volume number then a colon and the page numbers. Page numbers begin in the header of the first page of text with Arabic number 1. Subheadings should be used for longer papers.
CMOS recommends you devise your own format but use consistency as your guide. For CMOS and Turabians recommendations see Headings below. Supplemental Turabian Style Guidelines.
In Chicago style footnotes or endnotes are used to reference pieces of work in the text. To cite from a source a superscript number is placed after a quote or a paraphrase. Citation numbers should appear in sequential order.
Each number then corresponds to a citation a footnote or to an endnote. Endnotes must appear on an endnotes page. Chicago Manual of Style discourages the use of citing a source from a secondary source quoted in as it is expected that writers have examined the original works they cite.
However if an original source is unavailable because it is out of print or only available in another language then both the original and the secondary source must be listed in your footnote and your bibliography. This article explains where page numbers go in a Chicago Manual of Style manuscript. Dictionary Thesaurus Examples Sentences Quotes Reference Spanish Word Finder 4 Pics 1 Word Answers.
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