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Do You Need To Put Quotation Marks Around A Paraphrase. When you paraphrase something you arent exactly quoting the exact words so quotation marks arent needed. You just need to cite it somewhere. When you use a source you must choose between either quoting the exact words of the source or composing a paraphrase.
If you want to use the exact words of the source you must enclose them in quotation marks and they must accurately reproduce the original. No you do not use quotation marks for a paraphrase. They indicate a direct quote.
Thats about the only rule however. How and when to paraphrase is a judgment call and it depends on the length of the passage the source of the information the type of publication and many other factors. Write a paraphrase in your own words.
Meticulously avoid using the original words phrases and expression. At the same time make sure that your words convey the same central idea. If you need to use an interesting word or phrase from the original text use quotation marks to indicate that it is not your own.
Short quotations fewer than 40 words For quotations of fewer than 40 words add quotation marks around the words and incorporate the quote into your own textthere is no additional formatting needed. Do not insert an ellipsis at the beginning andor end of a quotation unless the original source includes an ellipsis. Paraphrase important supporting points that come up in the essay.
Consider any words phrases or brief passages that you believe should be quoted directly. There are several ways to integrate quotations into your text. Often a short quotation works well when integrated into a sentence.
If so make sure to put quotation marks around those phrases or re-write until the entire paraphrase is your words. Have you retained the meaning of the original. Changing the authors meaning is not plagiarism but academic honesty requires you to represent others work accurately in your writing.
Paraphrasing does not need quotes. The authors ideas in your own words. However paraphrases sometimes incorporate direct quotes and these will need to be enclosed in quotation marks.
In your writing sometimes you may need to include the title of a magazine the headline of a newspaper article the title of a song or movie and so on. In English when punctuating these magazine titles headlines and song or movie titles keep in mind these two options. Put the title in quotation marks.
Remember that you can use direct quotations of phrases from the original within your paraphrase and that you dont need to change or put quotation marks around shared language. If so make sure to put quotation marks around those phrases or re-write until the entire paraphrase is your words. Have you retained the meaning of the original.
Changing the authors meaning is not plagiarism but academic honesty requires you to represent others work accurately in your writing. Remember that you can use direct quotations of phrases from the original within your paraphrase and that you dont need to change or put quotation marks around shared language see box above. Remember that you can use direct quotations of phrases from the original within your paraphrase and that you dont need to change or put quotation marks around shared language or common vocabulary shared by a community of scholars.
Check your notes against the original to ensure you have not accidentally plagiarized. To paraphrase is to restate another author s point in your own words. When you paraphrase you dont need to use quotation marks but you still need to give credit to the author and provide a citation.
Otherwise you are committing plagiarism. Quotations must appear with quotation marks and they need to be cited with in-text citations and on the reference page. For example a paraphrase of Gibaldis earlier quotation might be identified as follows.
Within the research paper quotations will have more impact when used judiciously Gibaldi 2003 p. You may want to check out The Owl at Purdue for more tips on paraphrasing. How to Cite Sources when the Primary Authors have the same Surname p176.
In the UK periods and commas go inside the quotation marks only for a complete quoted sentence. Otherwise they go outside. In all varieties of English semicolons and colons go outside the quotation marks.
Most American style guides recommend using single marks to enclose a quotation that appears within another quotation. The primary function of quotation marks is to set off and represent exact language either spoken or written that has come from somebody else. The quotation mark is also used to designate speech acts in fiction and sometimes poetry.
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