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Et All In A Paraphrase. The use of et al is the same in both styles. For sources with one two or three authors list all author names in your in-text citations whether footnotes or author-date. For sources with four or more authors use the first name followed by et al.
It is used in academic in-text citations when referring to a source with multiple authors. In APA style for a source with three or more authors list the first authors last name and et al for all citations including the first citation. The phrase et al is used with in-text citations only when referencing a source that has three or more authors.
Include the name of only the first authors last name plus et al in every citation. Text 1st Author et al Year Published OR. Text that mentions 1st Author et al.
APA format requires that you cite all of the authors at the first mention if there are three four or five and use et al afterward. If there are at least six authors then you may use et al from the first mention. In all cases you should use the last name of the first author followed by et al in your in-text citation.
Author Surname et al Year NOTE. The in-text citation for works with three or more authors is shortened to the first authors name followed by et al. In-Text Citation Direct Quote.
Author Surname et al Year page number References. Author Surname First Initial. A paraphrase restates anothers idea or your own previously published idea in your own words.
Paraphrasing allows you to summarize and synthesize information from one or more sources focus on significant information and compare and contrast relevant details. Published authors paraphrase their sources most of the time rather than directly quoting the sources. Student authors should emulate this practice by paraphrasing more than directly quoting.
Paraphrasing When you write information from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows. Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlbys studies Hunt 1993. A paraphrase restates someone elses words in a new way.
For example you might put a sentence into your own words or you might summarize what another author or set of authors found. When you include a paraphrase in a paper you are required to include only the author and date in the citation. Paraphrasing-Tool uses intelligent decision making software to figure out the most appropriate way to reword or paraphrase your text.
The English language is full of nuance and different shades of meaning so the software driving this tool must weigh a wide range of factors before deciding on which will be the best way to rephrase your writing. Changed Clause to Phrase. The prevalence and impact of non-communicable diseases continue to grow.
Chronic diseases account for 60 of all deaths worldwide and 80 of these deaths occur in low-or middle-income countries where the toll is disproportionate during the prime productive years of youth and middle age. Paraphrasing means formulating someone elses ideas in your own words. To paraphrase a source you have to rewrite a passage without changing the meaning of the original text.
Paraphrasing is an alternative to quoting where you copy someones exact words and put them in quotation marks. In academic writing its usually better to paraphrase instead of quoting because it shows that you have understood the source and makes your work more original. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words.
A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly. In the case that et al.
Would stand in for just one author write the authors name instead. Unknown Author If the work does not have an author cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. One of these is the Latin phrase et al an abbreviation meaning and others It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler.
Paraphrase Online Paraphrasing Tool - The Best Free Article Sentence and Paragraph Rephrasing Software. A few years ago we were wondering - is there a good paraphrasing website with an automatic paraphrasing tool online. We searched the Internet for a good sentence rephraser and altought we found many none of it could rephrase paragraphs correctly.
A restatement of a text passage or work giving the meaning in another form The teacher asked the students to write a paraphrase of the poem. The use or process of paraphrasing in studying or teaching composition paraphrase which aims rather at recapturing the general impression of a foreign work Times Literary Supplement. Paraphrasing means using a persons content and idea in their own words.
The idea and theme of the content remain the same while the wording and somehow the structure of the content changes. There are some important guidelines for paraphrasing content such as using a reference to the original content. If all these were underlined the paraphrase would look much like the patchwork in example C.
The difference is that the phrases in D are all precise economical and conventional designations that are part of the shared language within the nursing discipline in B and C theyre underlined only when used within a longer borrowed phrase. All components of the in-text citation are included in parenthesis at the end of the sentence. Understanding how marine mammals like whales respond to stress is critical to their health and sustainability Cates et.
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