6 Type Of Plagiarism And How To Avoid Them With Examples
First Identify If Eachitem Is Direct Quote Paraphrase Or Summary. Summary must be cited with in-text citations and on your reference page. You want to establish background or offer an overview of a topic. You want to describe knowledge from several sources about a topic.
You want to determine the main ideas of a single source. Paraphrasing is stating an idea or passage in your. Choose a direct quote when it is more likely to be accurate than would summarizing or paraphrasing when what youre quoting is the text youre analyzing when a direct quote is more concise that a summary or paraphrase would be and conciseness matters when the author is a particular authority whose exact words would lend credence to your argument and when the author has used particularly effective language that is just too good to pass up.
Now lets talk more about paraphrase vs summary. When paraphrasing students should not use quotation marks. But their in-text citations as well as references should be similar to those they use for direct quotes.
To be sure the answer to a conceptual question often turns out to be unexpectedly relevant to solving a practical. The paraphrase of the quotation below is shorter and more direct. In the case of Facebook it has changed its format multiple times and merged other literacy practices email instant messaging games into its structure in an attempt to keep users on the site Keller 2014 74.
The passage above is a direct quotation from the Purdue OWL. Now take a look at that same passage which has been summarized or which restates the most important ideas in the writers own words. A summary is usually much shorter than the original passage.
When to Quote Paraphrase or Summarize When to Quote Paraphrase or Summarize The hallmark of a well-written academic essay is the inclusion of credible sources and supporting evidence. Its one thing to inform or persuade your readers with your own observations and thoughts. Quotations must be identical to the original using a narrow segment of the source.
They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source.
I tell them that today we will explore three types of note-taking to help them improve their skills. Writing the text spoken or written in your own words. Writing a synopsis of the text including main points.
Writing exact wording from the text when no rewording will do the original text. A summary is shortened version of a larger reading. In your summary you state the main idea in your own words but specific examples and details are left out.
Use a Summary when a passage from a source is too long to quote or paraphrase. When only the main ideas of a source are relevant to your paper. In a paper if you have already told this information then start the first sentence of the summary telling the authors last name and then conclude the summary with a parenthetical quotation using the authors last name and page like this.
Paraphrase short sections of work only. A sentence or two or a short paragraph. As an alternative to a direct quotation.
To rewrite someone elses ideas without changing the meaning. To express someone elses ideas in your own words. To support claims in or provide evidence for your writing.
In the first place the general convention in the sciences and social sciences is that we use direct quotations as little as possible. Whenever possible paraphrase your source. The exception is when the source is so eloquent or so peculiar that you really need to share the original language with your readers.
Paraphrase summary and analysis are important for accomplishing different jobs in the essay. Quotation allows the writer to fully use the original authors words using quotation marks in order to make a point or to provide support for an idea. The professor said The sun is shining.
There are two ways to integrate sources into your assignment. Quoting directly or paraphrasing. Quoting is copying a selection from someone elses work phrasing it exactly as it was originally written.
When quoting place quotation marks around the selected passage to show where the quote begins and where it ends. Differences in Quoting Paraphrasing and Summarizing Quotation Paraphrase Summary Difference Difference Difference Matches the source word for word. You use the sources words.
Exact same length as the source unless you follow the rules for adding or deleting material from a quote. Matches the source in terms of meaning. Whether paraphrasing or quoting remember to citeAlso remember to introduce sourcesThe first time you use a source in a paper it can be helpful to the reader if you identify the source and not just in parenthetical citation.
Last week we did a brief review of the difference between summarizing paraphrasing and quoting texts. I should have done this a long time ago. I often see it taught in the context of research but when I started seeing summaries that used direct quotes or lines from the text I knew it was time.
When to use direct quotations. Use authors exact words use exact words of someone who has firsthand experience a passage in a source features an idea that you want to argue for or against or a passage that provides a clear and concise statement that would enhance your project document. Print Quoting Paraphrasing and Summarizing Your Research Worksheet 1.
What writing skill condenses information and includes detail while not being.
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