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Good Method For Deciding Paraphrase Or Direct Quote. As a general guideline in academic writing it is very important that direct quotes from other sources should only be used selectively. Even if the temptation might be high and your motivation to formulate the idea in your own words low- your essay should really be your own work. Choose a direct quote when it is more likely to be accurate than would summarizing or paraphrasing when what youre quoting is the text youre analyzing when a direct quote is more concise that a summary or paraphrase would be and conciseness matters when the author is a particular authority whose exact words would lend credence to your argument and when the author has used particularly effective language that is just too good to pass up.
You want to clarify a short passage from a text. You want to avoid overusing quotations. You want to explain a point when exact wording isnt important.
You want to explain the main points of a passage. You want to report numerical data or statistics preferred in APA papers Quoting. Sometimes students are not sure when to quote directly and when to paraphrase.
Quote only if the language is particularly expressive andor adds weight to your argument. Example of a good use of quotation. After the Challenger disaster of 1986.
When quoting vs paraphrasing use exactly the same words as author used in the original writing. Most college professors demand students apply this method sparingly limiting the amount of direct quotes to no more than 10 percent of their whole text. This limitation aims at insuring originality of papers.
Students often struggle to integrate sources into their writing. After the difficult process of finding evidence to support their thesis they face the new challenge of deciding whether to quote paraphrase or summarize sources. Before asking students to paraphrase its important to explain what that means.
Maintain the flow of the writing. Each author has a unique voice and using direct quotes can interrupt this voice. Too many quotes can make an essay sound choppy and difficult to follow.
Paraphrasing can help communicate an important idea in a passage or source without interrupting the flow of the essay. Eliminate less relevant information. Dont quote every VP To avoid overquoting put a quota on quotes paraphrase curate quotes even leave them out altogetherImage by filadendron Sprinkling quotes is one thing.
Hosing them on is another John B. Campbell former senior editor of Business Week I think of quotes as spices. How to Paraphrase Quoted Material.
Paraphrasing is a great way to incorporate someone elses thoughts into your writing without using a direct quote. You can use paraphrasing to incorporate evidence or support for your ideas. If youre thinking about when to quote someone in your writing keep these key scenarios in mind.
When you need to maintain accuracy or highlight the specific words of the original author. When a statement will seem more convincing coming directly from the source. When an important phrase would be lost in a paraphrase.
Another reason to paraphrase is to adjust your tone for your audience. If the assignment asks you to write a presentation for your classmates you do not want to quote scientific jargon. Your source is only persuasive and supportive if your readers understand it.
The paraphrase of the quotation below is shorter and more direct. Quotes Versus ParaphraseWhat are the differences between a quote and a paraphraseTo begin with a quote or more precisely a direct quote is a phrase sentence or an entire paragraph that is an original or exact reproduction or copy of the original text. It begins and ends with quotation marks signifying that the quoted line is borrowed from another source.
Review your paraphrase checking that it accurately reflects the original text but is in your words and style. Record the original source including the page number so that you can provide a reference. Paraphrase short sections of work only.
A sentence or two or a short paragraph. As an alternative to a direct quotation. Dont quote too often.
Usually I ask students to use no more than 1 quote for every 2 pages of a paper. Make sure you include author tag who said it and where or a parenthetical citation or footnote. Explain why this quote helps prove your idea.
Dont assume the quote will make your point. Tell the reader why this quote helps your argument. The method you should follow to properly quote or paraphrase depends on the.
It is best to paraphrase when. There is no good reason to use a quote to refer to your evidence. Number of that direct quote or you need to indicate that the evidence has no.
Along with direct quotations and summaries its a fair use of another persons work which can be incorporated into your own writing. At times you can make more impact by paraphrasing a quotation instead of quoting it verbatim. Read the entire text noting the key points and main ideas.
Summarize in your own words what the single main idea of the essay is. Paraphrase important supporting points that come up in the essay. Consider any words phrases or brief passages that you believe should be quoted directly.
Teaching Writing When to Quote Paraphrase or Summarize 2 Students often struggle to integrate sources into their writing. For example no one should ever try to paraphrase John. Ask not what your country can do for you.
Ask what you can do for your country However think of direct quotes like a hot pepper. Go ahead and sprinkle them around to add some spice to your paper but you might not want to overdo it.
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