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How Many Direct Quotations Should Be In A Paraphrase. As a general guideline in academic writing it is very important that direct quotes from other sources should only be used selectively. Even if the temptation might be high and your motivation to formulate the idea in your own words low- your essay should really be your own work. If you think it is too difficult to decide whether or not to use a direct quote think about these.
Every direct quotation should appear between quotation marks and exactly reproduce text including punctuation and capital letters. A short quotation often works well integrated into a sentence. Longer quotations more than 3 lines of text should start on a new line be indented and in italics.
Paraphrase important supporting points that come up in the essay. Consider any words phrases or brief passages that you believe should be quoted directly. There are several ways to integrate quotations into your text.
Often a short quotation works well when integrated into a sentence. Longer quotations can stand alone. Remember that quoting.
Probably only about 10 of your final manuscript should appear as directly quoted matter. Therefore you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking notes. 2nd ed 1976 pp.
If it is a SHORT DIRECT QUOTE less than 40 words use double inverted commas and include the quote in the text. All direct quotes must have page or paragraph number. Examples short direct quote of 19 words Authorin the narrative James 2001 claims that there is a consumerist approach emerging in higher education that is a direct.
Additionally while direct quotes can be very useful you should only use them when necessary and paraphrase everywhere else. Typically direct quotes should comprise no more than 20-25 of your total document. This will ensure that your document will be able to stand alone from prior research and maintain its own strength and merit.
A block quote is a long direct quote that is separated from the regular text. By APA standards you use a block text for quotes that are 40 words or longer. A paraphrase differs from a direct quote in that the writer is putting someone elses thoughts and ideas into their own words.
A direct quotation reproduces the words of another writer verbatim and is displayed in quotation marks if the quotation is fewer than 40 words or as a block quotation if the quotation is 40 words or more. For more details see the Learning Guide titled Reporting Verbs If you are using quotes use short quotes less than 30 wordsthree lines wherever possible and integrate your quotes into your sentence. If you use a longer quote make sure it is indented always from the left side and sometimes from the right side too.
A direct quotation should be attributed only once regardless of the number of sentences or paragraphs it contains. Along with direct quotations and summaries its a fair use of another persons work which can be incorporated into your own writing. At times you can make more impact by paraphrasing a quotation instead of quoting it verbatim.
Most quotes should be only one or two lines of type. If it is longer than that you should generally paraphrase or summarize. Use Quotation Marks Correctly.
I have to include this one because so many of my college students do this incorrectly. Quotes must be included INSIDE your own sentence and not as a sentence with quotation marks around it. Look this up if you arent sure.
Do not use too many direct quotations in your paper as they will limit the amount of original material which is what your instructors want to see. They do not want to read reports that rely too heavily on the thoughts and ideas of others. Therefore you should use direct quotations sparingly and keep them short when you do.
Instead of direct quotations paraphrase or summarize long passages. One attribution for every sentence of direct quotation and one attribution for every paragraph of indirect quotation no matter how long. When you have a long direct quotation in a written work more than 60 or 100 words or more than four or five lines instead of using quotation marks around it you may be told by your style guide or assignment parameters to set it off with indents on either side and to put the text in italics or make some other typographical change.
Direct quotation Using the words or ideas of the source independently and adding the authors name in the in-text citation like in the second example. Paraphrasing is taking the idea of a sentence or passage and putting it into your own words. Paraphrasing is NOT copying the sentence and replacing or changing a few words to be different from the original.
This is called. When the quotation is powerful or makes an impact. When the person giving the quote has a high level of authority.
When it is impossible to restate the quote in your own words. Direct quotes should be used sparingly. Typically you should use no more than five quotes for longer papers and no more than three for shorter papers.
Paraphrase Passive Voice Philosophy Plurals Possessives Punctuation Quotations Science Sentence Fragments. If your quotation is lengthy you should almost always introduce it with a full sentence that helps capture how it fits into your argument. If your quotation is longer than four lines do not place it in quotation marks.
Instead set it off as a block quotation. Although Dickens never.
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