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How To Cite Paraphrased Paragraph Apa. When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format. Paraphrasing is covered in Sections 823 and 824 of the APA Publication Manual Seventh Edition. When citing paraphrased information APA requires you to include the author and date.
It is also recommended but not required that you include the page number. The format of the page number depends on if the information is on a single page or range of pages. Examples of Citing Paraphrased Information at the Beginning of a Sentence.
Sum up the main idea s of the authors argument using your own words and sentence structure. Simply including one citation at the end of a paragraph is NOT APA compliant. The reader cannot know with one citation which ideas are yours and which are from the article.
Whenever you paraphrase a sentence or idea from a source include an in-text citation. This is a parenthetical including the name of the sources author s and the year the source is written. For example consider this sentence paraphrasing and citing an authors description of medieval helmets.
How should a paraphrased passage be cited. When paraphrasing a passage it is essential to express the ideas of the author in your own original words. However the authors message and meaning should always be preserved.
Charges of plagiarism can be avoided by including the proper citation of the work you are drawing from in your paraphrase. When you write information from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows. Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlbys studies Hunt 1993.
The APA Style Blog in their post Citing Paraphrased Work in APA Style suggests several different acceptable approaches one of which is to make it clear that the entire paragraph refers to the same article by repeating the authors name andor using the appropriate heshe pronoun in the paragraph. How to Cite a Paraphrased Statement Method 1 of 3. Placing Citations in Text.
Provide a citation for all information pulled from another source. Method 2 of 3. Creating a Reference List.
Build your reference list before you draft your paper. Method 3 of 3. Include the authors name in parentheses at the end of your paraphrased paragraph or sentence.
If no author is available as is the case with many websites then cite the article name. If there is no article title then list the website name. For electronic sources its not necessary to include page or paragraph numbers.
Arrange two or more works by the same authors in the same order by year of publication. Place in-press citations last. Give the authors surnames once.
For each subsequent work give only the date. As the Publication Manual notes citing your sources is imperative. Whether paraphrasing quoting an author directly or describing an idea that influenced your work you must credit the source p.
A paraphrase may continue for several sentences. In such cases cite the work being paraphrased on first mention. Once the work has been cited it is not necessary to repeat the citation as long as the context of the writing makes it clear that the same work continues to be paraphrased.
Each instance of quoted or paraphrased information within a paragraph needs a citation. Since one citation at the end of a paragraph only notes that the last sentence of the paragraph came from the cited source earlier sentences in the paragraph should also introduce the citation instead or in addition to other citations in paraphrased sentencesfrom the same source. The most detailed guides for How To Cite A Paraphrased Paragraph Apa are provided in this page.
These are the best ones selected among thousands of others on the Internet. Citing Paraphrased Work in APA Style by Timothy McAdoo As the Publication Manual notes citing your sources is imperative. Whether paraphrasing quoting an author directly or describing an idea that influenced your work you must credit the source p.
First paraphrased citations in APA do not require page numbers only quotations do. Second if you include a page number at the end of a sentence per your example you also need to have the Author and Date in that same citation - either at the beginning of your sentence or in the parenthesis with your page number. The citation should appear only after the final sentence of the paraphrase.
If however it will be unclear to your reader where your sources idea begins include the author of the source in your prose rather than in a parenthetical citation. For example the following is a paraphrase from an essay by Naomi S. A paraphrase may continue for several sentences.
In such cases cite the work being paraphrased on first mention. Once the work has been cited it is not necessary to repeat the citation as long as the context of the writing makes it clear that the same work continues to be paraphrased.
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