Paraphrase Citation Example In Text Apa Format Chicago Style Picture Quote Quotation Quotes
How To Do Paraphrase Citations. Published authors paraphrase their sources most of the time rather than directly quoting the sources. Student authors should emulate this practice by paraphrasing more than directly quoting. When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format.
Paraphrasing When you write information from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows. Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlbys studies Hunt 1993. Paraphrasing means formulating someone elses ideas in your own words.
To paraphrase a source you have to rewrite a passage without changing the meaning of the original text. Paraphrasing is an alternative to quoting where you copy someones exact words and put them in quotation marks. As per the Writing at the University of Toronto website to paraphrase means to restate someone elses ideas in your own language at roughly the same level of detail When you paraphrase a source you are required to give credit for information and ideas you have taken from that source.
Cite after every sentence with a quote or paraphrase. Regardless of which citation style you use each quote or paraphrase must be cited individually. Even if you have 3 sentences in a row that all paraphrase the same source you still have to use 3 citations rather than just one.
Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. Set the original aside and write your paraphrase on a note card. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material.
At the top of the note card write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase. Paraphrasing is a way to include information from sources in your own writing without directly quoting from the source itself. Essentially it is a restatement of the sources information.
However even if you paraphrase and dont use direct quotations you still have to cite the sourceOtherwise it is plagiarism. Here are some circumstances where you may want to paraphrase. A page number is optional for a paraphrase but it is a good idea.
Part of the reason for citations is to allow a reader to follow your research. If the source you are paraphrasing is long or complex a page number would help the reader find the original material. Place a lowercase p followed by a period and a space before the page number.
You do not need to place technical terms or specialised vocabulary in quotation marks if you use them as a part of a paraphrase or summary in your assignment. Long Block quotes Quotes of more than 30 or 40 words depending on the citation style you are using should be. If your paraphrase is longer than one sentence provide an in-text citation for the source at the beginning of the paraphrase.
As long as its clear that the paraphrase continues to the following sentences you dont have to include in-text citations for the following sentences. When you paraphrase citation APA ensure the facts like numbers cannot change there is the factual basis of a sentence and then the conjecture meaning a sentence would contain a certain factor communicate a certain thing and the rest of the content is largely contextual for this point which means you have to keep the fact of the sentence but feel free to change the context. In addition to quotation marks or indenting all quoted material should also be cited using either footnotes endnotes or in-text citation.
To paraphrase is to include the ideas or information from an original source in your paper by rephrasing those ideas or information in your own words. One way to cite in the text is to use a parenthetical citation after the paraphrase. This includes putting the authors name and page number where you found the information at the end of the sentence and before the final period.
Using a website as a source. MLA style citation is more precise than APA in locating information utilized since page number is indicated not only for direct quotes but also for any paraphrase. Thus for parenthetical citation one would have to name the author in particular family name along with a page without any comma in-between while for in-text citations family names are mentioned inside sentences while pages in parentheses as MLA follows an author-page format.
Include an in-text citation when you refer to summarize paraphrase or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the authors last name and the year of publication for example.
Paraphrases should sound like you using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work. To make sure you are not plagiarizing unintentionally think about and jot down the sources main points. Then write your paraphrase without looking at the original.
Position your citation at the end of your paraphrase but before the period. List the last name of the author after an open parenthetical mark. List the page numbers you are paraphrasing and then close your citation with a parenthetical mark.
For multiple pages use a hyphen between the numbers. The detail view in NoodleTools lets you look at the original passage with your paraphrase below it to easily compare. Record the source and page number so that you can refer back to it later when creating your citations.
Adapted from the Purdue Online Writing Labs Guide to Paraphrasing.
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