Apa Style In Text Citation Example From Libguide At Bow Valley College Use For Anthropology Paper Essay Format
How To Paraphrase After Mentioning Author. Revised on December 21 2020. Paraphrasing means formulating someone elses ideas in your own words. To paraphrase a source you have to rewrite a passage without changing the meaning of the original text.
Paraphrasing is an alternative to quoting where you copy someones exact words and put them in quotation marks. Put these six steps for paraphrasing into the correct order by dragging them across to the appropriate number. Revise your writing and compare it to the original.
Put in your in-text references to acknowledge the authors. Change sentences by re-ordering and combining sentences in new ways. Published authors paraphrase their sources most of the time rather than directly quoting the sources.
Student authors should emulate this practice by paraphrasing more than directly quoting. When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format. An author tag is how you identify who said what you are quoting summarizing or paraphrasing.
To make your writing more interesting you want to give the author name in different ways and this article has a chart for how to do that. It is also possible to add a comment about what the author is saying by using my Other Words for Said chart. Paraphrasing with the authors name in text.
Authors name is in text with date in parentheses after the authors last name. Smith 2019 shared these facts too. Paraphrasing with authors name in parentheses.
Add the author and date in parentheses. This fact was also shared in other sources Smith 2019. When you directly quote someone elses work or when you paraphrase someone elses work The in-text citation consists of author surname sfamily name s in the order that they appear on the actual publication followed by the year of publication of the source that you are citing.
Use multiple credible authors to support and strengthen your arguments. Be sure that the authors are agreeing with the idea based on their own analysis and expertise. Start by paraphrasing the original idea with citation following with a paraphrase of agreement such as.
Miller acknowledges Parker confirms. Citing an Author or Authors. A Work by Two Authors.
Name both authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word and between the authors names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. Research by Wegener and Petty 1994 supported.
The article discusses the qualities of a good American housewife in the 1950s authors last name p. After the war is over the General reports that It seemed a useless battle to fight even from the start p. Danelli explains All mammals have hair p.
Paraphrasing-Tool uses intelligent decision making software to figure out the most appropriate way to reword or paraphrase your text. The English language is full of nuance and different shades of meaning so the software driving this tool must weigh a wide range of factors before deciding on which will be the best way to rephrase your writing. Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning.
Set the original aside and write your paraphrase on a note card. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material. At the top of the note card write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase.
Cite after every sentence with a quote or paraphrase. Regardless of which citation style you use each quote or paraphrase must be cited individually. Even if you have 3 sentences in a row that all paraphrase the same source you still have to use 3 citations rather than just one.
It depends on the focus of your work. In a dissertation on a single author or titlesay Gabriel Marcels Being and Having. An Existentialist Diaryit would be overkill to introduce the author and full title of the work anew in each chapter.
References to the authors last name and a shortened title are sufficient. Look away from the source then write. Read the text you want to paraphrase several times until you feel that you understand it and can use your own words to restate it to someone else.
Then look away from the original and rewrite the text in your own words. A paraphrase does not interpret. A summary might explain or interpret.
A paraphrase is a bit shorter than the original. A summary is much shorter than the original. A paraphrase is necessary when you want your reader to completely understand another authors text or when you are arguing against specific points.
When you paraphrase you capture the information from a source by putting it into your own words instead of the authors. This involves taking a sentence or two from the original source and reworking the sentence structure and the wording using roughly the same amount of words as the author. When citing a paraphrase or summary from an eBook the citation should include the author last name and date of publication.
When quoting an eBook without page numbers your in-text citation needs to include the authors last name year and the most direct location of the quote such as a chapter or section title and the paragraph number. The author is a notable authority on the subject and their words will lend weight to your argument you are expected to use examples to justify your interpretation or analysis of a literary work. Keep the quote as brief as possible and integrate it into the development of your argument or discussion.
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