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How To Paraphrase Chicago Style With No Page Numbers. Tips on Paraphrasing Paraphrasing can be tricky. You need to make sure that you dont copy the original authors style or wording. Even if you have a citation such borrowing would be considered plagiarism.
Paraphrases should sound like you using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work. For the author-date style youll record the specific pages used in the in-text citation. Here are some examples of how to use page numbers in Chicago-style citations.
Remember Chicago style only lists the numbers and does not include an abbreviation like p or pp before the page numbers. Enter text as a free-standing block of text. Indent text on left margin by one half inch.
Place the reference with page number s at the end of the quote after punctuation. Do not use quotation marks. How to paraphrase in five steps.
Read the passage several times to fully understand the meaning. Note down key concepts. Write your version of the text without looking at the original.
Compare your paraphrased text with the original passage and make minor adjustments to phrases that remain too. Published on September 12 2019 by Jack Caulfield. Revised on December 5 2019.
An in-text citation is used to point readers toward any source you quote paraphrase or refer to in your writing. The Chicago Manual of Style has two options for in-text citations. You put your citations in parentheses within the text itself.
In-Text No Page Numbers Internet Resources 605 Use the author or authors surname s the date of publication paragraph number. If no author is given use the title of the document or headings. Do not include initials or full names of the author or authors first name s When using a narrative write out the authors or authors surname s or use the title of the document.
Place a section number or paragraph number after the authors name when there are no page numbers. It is important to always cite your sources in research papers Jones section 1 paragraph 3. This can be done for both MLA and APA style papers with the abbreviation para.
3 being used for APA style. Page numbers begin in the header of the first page of text with Arabic number 1. Subheadings should be used for longer papers.
CMOS recommends you devise your own format but use consistency as your guide. For CMOS and Turabians recommendations see Headings below. Supplemental Turabian Style Guidelines.
This article explains where page numbers go in a Chicago Manual of Style manuscript. Dictionary Thesaurus Examples. Certain pages have no page numbers but are still included in the page numbering.
Do not include Kindle location numbers with in-text citations. Instead provide the page number which is available in many Kindle books especially those based on print editions or use the methods described on this page to create a page number alternative. Note that the name of the section or other part of the work will not necessarily appear in the reference list entry for the work.
If a resource contains no page numbers as can be the case with electronic sources then you cannot include a page number in the parentheses. However if the source indicates paragraph numbers use the abbreviation par or pars and the relevant numbers in the parentheses. One website describes these specific dragons King.
Page number optional single page. For a parenthetical citation write your paraphrase and then add the author and year in parenthesis at the end. Use a comma between the author and the year inside the parenthesis and put the period for the end of the sentence outside the parenthesis.
Heres how to set up Chicago-style margins and page numbers following the guidelines in Kate L. Turabians A Manual for Writers of Research Papers Theses and Dissertations. See section A1 in the appendix called Paper Format and Submission.
Page numbers for direct quotations and paraphrases Note. No punctuation appears between the author and date. Page numbers follow the date preceded by a comma.
Woodward 1987 74 Basic Format In-text citations can be done in two ways. Use a signal phrase that introduces the authors name. Place the year of.
Todays Goals Learn what Chicago style is what it includes and why it is important Learn about the standard Chicago title page format Learn basic documentation for books journals and websites Learn the differences between methods of source integration. Summarizing paraphrasing and quoting Learn how to use signal phrases and in-text notes to avoid. If a source is missing both the author or publication date the citation will include the title nd for no date and the source.
Make sure that there is no identifiable author. Sometimes the author is a company or other group rather than an individual. Reference page dont forget to indent the second and subsequent lines.
When there are no page numbers or listed authors. Of course some sources such as web pages do not have page numbers. Sometimes a writer will cite the paragraph number.
In this case write para followed by a period a space and the paragraph number. If the paraphrase is over more than one paragraph add an s. If the source does not have designated page numbers then add the paragraph number heading or a combination of both the heading and paragraph number.
If the author and date are not introduced as part of the text then include the author and date with the page or paragraph number. The period should come after the parentheses. For Turabian Probably Chicago as well though I am particularly familiar with the Turabian guide not Chicago directly When doing a long summaryparaphrase ie.
A whole paragraph it is best to include the name and the articlewebsitebook title up front this alerts the reader in general where your information is coming from. Then only put a footnote at the end of the paragraph.
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