Paraphrasing Citing Paraphrase How To Cite Paraphrased Quote Within A Image Classroom Quotes
How To Paraphrase Cite. When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format. Paraphrasing is covered in Sections 823 and 824 of the APA Publication Manual Seventh Edition This guidance has been expanded from the 6th edition. To paraphrase a source you have to rewrite a passage without changing the meaning of the original text.
Paraphrasing is an alternative to quoting where you copy someones exact words and put them in quotation marks. Paraphrasing When you write information from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows. Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlbys studies Hunt 1993.
Generally use an in-text citation for anything other than your original words. A paraphrased statement generally is cited the same way a direct quote would be. The in-text citation directs your readers to the reference list at the end of your paper which provides a more detailed description of the source material used.
How to add an MLA in-text citation In order to give credit for ideas that are not yours citing is key. According the MLA after you create a paraphrase you should include an in-text citation with the paraphrase. In addition to the short in-text citation a full reference should be included in your Works Cited page.
The format of an associated paraphrase citation differs across various styles. Thus an APA paraphrase follows author-date format without indicating page numbers they are only indicated for direct quotes. There are two ways of delivering such in-text citations.
Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. Set the original aside and write your paraphrase on a note card. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material.
At the top of the note card write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase. Paraphrasing can be tricky. You need to make sure that you dont copy the original authors style or wording.
Even if you have a citation such borrowing would be considered plagiarism. Paraphrases should sound like you using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work. Position your citation at the end of your paraphrase but before the period.
List the last name of the author after an open parenthetical mark. List the page numbers you are paraphrasing and then close your citation with a parenthetical mark. For multiple pages use a hyphen between the numbers.
Quotations must be identical to the original using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words.
A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. When paraphrasing you must still acknowledge where you got the idea from by including a parenthetical citation. When citing paraphrased information APA requires you to include the author and date.
It is also recommended but not required that you include the page number. Sum up the main idea s of the authors argument using your own words and sentence structure. Simply including one citation at the end of a paragraph is NOT APA compliant.
The reader cannot know with one citation which ideas are yours and which are from the article. How to paraphrase a source. Key takeaways Paraphrasing allows you to add information from another source into your paper but in your own words.
Rewrite the information in a way that feels natural to the rest of your paper. Make sure there is no identical or close to identical wording. This can be achieved by quoting or paraphrasing those ideas and then citing the original source.
Paraphrasing and Summarizing Author. Heather McWhinney Student Learning Services. Why You Need to Cite Your Sources.
An interactive video by the Cooperative Library Instruction Project which explains why its important to cite sources. Paraphrases should sound like you using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work. To make sure you are not plagiarizing unintentionally think about and jot down the sources main points.
Then write your paraphrase without looking at the original. Ineffective Paraphrasing StrategiesAvoid switching out or changing around of a few words in an authors sentences for use in your paperAvoid failing to acknowledge through an in-text citation or direct quotes the outside source from which you obtained your information or ideas. In addition to quotation marks or indenting all quoted material should also be cited using either footnotes endnotes or in-text citation.
To paraphrase is to include the ideas or information from an original source in your paper by rephrasing those ideas or information in your own words.
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