Apa 6th Edition Paraphrasing Example Quoting Website Purdue Be An Quote Block Text Quotes
How To Paraphrase Long Quotes. Write a paraphrase in your own words. Meticulously avoid using the original words phrases and expression. At the same time make sure that your words convey the same central idea.
If you need to use an interesting word or phrase from the original text use quotation marks to indicate that it is not your own. The first step in paraphrasing is to read the original text and get a full grasp of it. You may need to read the original text a few times and check the meaning of key words to fully understand it.
While you are reading think about the overall meaning of each paragraph or section - dont just focus on the individual words and sentences. Quotations must be identical to the original using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author.
Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. After your paraphrase insert a subscript number next to the period.
Then use the formatting tools in your word processor to insert a footnote at the bottom of the page. Include all of the publication information from your Bibliography page. However list the authors first name then the last in the footnote.
6 Steps to Effective Paraphrasing Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. Set the original aside and write your paraphrase on a note card. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material.
Introduce an entire sentence by referring to the source. If you use a verb use a comma and capitalize the start of the quote. Smith observes A few researchers seam sic to have duplicated the success of the Utah team 39.
Paraphrasing means formulating someone elses ideas in your own words. To paraphrase a source you have to rewrite a passage without changing the meaning of the original text. Paraphrasing is an alternative to quoting where you copy someones exact words and put them in quotation marks.
Published authors paraphrase their sources most of the time rather than directly quoting the sources. Student authors should emulate this practice by paraphrasing more than directly quoting. When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format.
Tips for Quoting and Paraphrasing Introduce your quotes and paraphrases to your reader especially on first reference. Explain the significance of the quote or paraphrase to your reader. Cite your quote or paraphrase properly according to the rules of style you are following in your essay.
For quotations longer than four lines use a block quote. Press enter to start the quotation on a new line. Press Tab to indent the entire quotation 12 inch from the left margin.
Continue double spacing for the quotation. General Formatting Rules for Quoting and Paraphrasing Direct Quote. Simply a copy-and-paste of the original words andor word order.
In all research papers with formatting guidelines APA AMA MLA etc quoted text must be accompanied by quotation marks and in-text citation. When you paraphrase youll include information from sources in your own words so your professors will still know youre using sources but you wont have to quote everything. To learn more keep reading as this blog post explains the dos and donts of paraphrasing and includes 10 examples of paraphrasing for a smarter better essay.
Format quotations of 40 words or more as block quotations. Do not use quotation marks to enclose a block quotation. Start a block quotation on a new line and indent the whole block 05 in.
From the left margin. Double-space the entire block quotation. Paraphrase what youve read Direct quotation involves using the exact words written in the source youre citing.
To do this you should place the quoted text inside double quotation marks ie. Its a good idea to quote a source directly if your argument depends on the exact wording of what youre quoting. A well-written essay should include credible sources.
Read on to learn how and when to quote paraphrase or summarize someone elses work. Paraphrasing When we paraphrase were taking a large section of someone elses writing and conveying the main message in our own words. To cite a direct quote in APA you must include the authors last name the year and a page number all separated by commas.
If the quote appears on a single page use p. If it spans a page range use pp An APA in-text citation can be parenthetical or narrative. Quotes can provide strong evidence act as an authoritative voice or support a writers statements.
Bell and Bell 1993 point out in their study of Australian-American cultural relations. Culture is never simply imposed from above but is negotiated through existing patterns and traditions. A paraphrase lacks quotation marks because you arent directly quoting but it still needs a citation because you are using a specific segment of the text.
It is still someone elses original idea and must be cited. Secondly if you look at the original quote youll see that five lines of text are condensed into four and a half lines. Quotations from a research paper or the source material from which gathered information yourself should be used only when you cant paraphrase a part.
A writer should use it either when the text cant be put into simpler words or the author of the source material is claiming something based on their research.
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