Citing Source Using Signal Phrase To Embed Quote Essay Example 500 Word Online Writer
How To Signal Begining Of Paraphrase. Paraphrasing means formulating someone elses ideas in your own words. To paraphrase a source you have to rewrite a passage without changing the meaning of the original text. Paraphrasing is an alternative to quoting where you copy someones exact words and put them in quotation marks.
Highlighted in yellow are the signal phrases used to introduce paraphrased information. As Rosenau 1961 makes clear in his classic Public Opinion and Foreign Policy these are the opinion- makers who put their thoughts to paper for the purpose of stimulating debate and moving foreign policy in a particular direction. The best place to find suitable synonyms will be elsewhere in the same article.
If some words stay the same in the same order three or more consecutive words you need to use quotation marks around these words. Repeat the authors name or a pronoun through the paraphrase so it is clear that we are still reading a paraphrase. Quotations must be identical to the original using a narrow segment of the source.
They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source.
Paraphrase at first takes time but it gets easier with practice. The trick is to approach it in steps. Start with the original sentence or phrase.
Substitute synonyms for as many words and phrases as you can. Try to change the syntax. Think about the meaning and put it into your own words.
First read the source carefully so you actually know what it means. You cant use it as a source if you dont understand it. Next find the part of the source you want to paraphrase.
Youre not rewriting the entire source in your paper so dont paraphrase much more than a paragraph. The paragraph below is a paraphrase written by a student. Its aim is to support one of the key contentions in their essay on learning motivation among older students studying off campus.
Compare the students paraphrase to the original text and answer the following question. The paraphrase of the final phrase meanwhile could consist of the words inspired by the idea of human equality The result not as stirring but serviceable is reportage that says According to the speaker almost a hundred years ago those who came before us in this land formed a new country while fighting for freedom and inspired. Vary the Placement of Signal Phrases.
Although signal phrases usually come at the beginning of the quote or paraphrase it can also come in the middle or at the end. Vary the placement of the phrase to make your writing more professional. Consider these examples of varying the placement.
According to Smith broccoli has significant nutritional value. A paraphrase is different from the original because it uses easier more simple words and phrases. Often the sentences are shorter and written in a more direct style.
When you write a paraphrase the writing should sound like you not like an author. A paraphrase is often longer than the original because you need more words to explain something. Use longer phrases to signal your view of a quoteparaphrase.
Phrases to show that you agree with an authors claims. Warren The article offers presents a usefultimelythoroughimportant an effective counterargumentinterpretation ample evidence of. Warrens interpretation analysis argument.
Read the text carefully. Be sure you understand the text fully. Put the original text aside and write your paraphrase in your own words.
Consider each point of the original text how could you rephrase it. Do not simply replace every third or fourth word of the original passage. A critical component of successful paraphrasing includes citing your original source.
The citation may be made as an in-text citation a footnote or an endnote but it must be included. You want to make clear and get credit for engaging with other thinkers in your work and a correct citation foregrounds that strength. Signal the boundaries between your voice and the sources voice.
In Paraphrase 3 the writer has carefully signaled the place where the sources idea begins and ends so that if we imagine this paraphrase in a larger paragraph of the writers own we would have no doubt about the boundaries between the two voices. Generally use an in-text citation for anything other than your original words. A paraphrased statement generally is cited the same way a direct quote would be.
The in-text citation directs your readers to the reference list at the end of your paper which provides a more detailed description of the source material used. Signal phrases usually include the authors name but can also include the authors job title or background reporter for Washington Post researcher senator scholar and so on andor the title of the source. Signal phrase with author name year published quote or paraphrase page number.
A signal phrase lets your reader know that you are paraphrasing or quoting an idea from someone elses work. If your paper relies heavily on the work of one or more sources a signal phrase introducing the source is recommended. Paraphrase by writing your own words drop in your citation cite after youve used the particular source or section thereof and always immediately quote any text that you copy and paste.
While this may mean your first draft will take longer to write it will also make your later drafts take much less time and ensure that your citations are. Read the original passage many times until you are sure that you understand it clearly. If you need to look up synonyms for words in the passage.
Also check the definition of the synonym in a dictionary to be sure you understand it correctly. You do not need to find a synonym for every word particularly technical terms.
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