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How To Write The Results And Discussion Section Of A Research Paper. The Results section should include the findings of your study and ONLY the findings of your study. Data presented in tables charts graphs and other figures may be placed among research text or on a separate page A contextual analysis of this data explaining its meaning in sentence form. How Do You Write the Results of the Research.
In the results section of your paper you need to list what you have discovered. If your experiment confirmed your hypothesis save the discussion about that for the discussion section. The results section should simply be hard facts written in the passive voice.
There are many different ways to write this section but you can focus your discussion around four key elements. What do the results mean. Why do the results matter.
What cant the results tell us. What practical actions or scientific studies should follow. Results and discussions can either be combined into one section or organized as separate sections depending on the requirements of the journal to which you are submitting your research paper.
Use subsections and subheadings to improve readability and clarity. Number all tables and figures with descriptive titles. How to write a discussion section for a research paper.
The 5 step process of writing the discussion section in the research paper is. You need to begin writing the discussion section by stating the research problem. After describing the problem statement you need to provide a summary of key findings.
You should not repeat all information. The discussion section of a scientific paper is probably the hardest section to write. Authors must highlight their findings but not overstate their relevance.
They must introduce other studies for comparison and give their own results context. In many cases authors also must highlight the limitations of their work and then give readers a. The results section is just a presentation of the data.
There should not be any discussion in the results section that goes in the discussion section. The results need to be presented in enough detail for someone not familiar with the scientific paper to understand them. You present the results show the analysis and interpret the outcome of the analysis.
As a take off point it would help if we separate these two terms ie results and discussion into simply the results and the discussion as separate parts of the paper. In some universities and usually in scientific journals however these are taken as one. When writing a dissertation or thesis the results and discussion sections can be both the most interesting as well as the most challenging sections to write.
You may choose to write these sections separately or combine them into a single chapter depending on your universitys guidelines and your own preferences. Function of discussion is to. Interpret results in light of what was already known about the subject and Explain new understanding of the problem after taking results into consideration.
Explain how the results answer the question under study. The first part of this post briefly described what to include in the introduction and materials and methods sections of a typical research paper written in the IMRaD format Introduction Materials and methods Results and Discussion. In this part Ill discuss the results and discussion sections.
Writing the results section. The results section answers the question W-H-A-T. How to Draft a Powerful Discussion Section Weve talked about several useful writing tips that authors should consider while drafting or editing their research papers.
In particular weve focused on figures and legends Methods and Results. Writing a Research Results section that do not address the negative results invalidates the research paper and does not reflect appropriate academic writing. Research Results Comparison with Similar Academic Articles.
The largest part of interpreting and discussing your research findings should be reserved for the Discussion Conclusion section. The Sections of the Paper. Most journal-style scientific papers are subdivided into the following sections.
Title Authors and Affiliation Abstract Introduction Methods Results Discussion Acknowledgments and Literature Cited which parallel the experimental process. This is the system we will use. Write an Impactful Discussion Section.
Only presenting the results is not sufficient. The author needs to explain the significance of the results. The discussion should narrate a story include explanations for observed phenomena with supporting studies to justifyvalidate the findings.
Keep in mind the following points while writing your. What Makes a Discussion Section Tough to Write. The discussion section is harder to define than other sections of a research paper.
It requires perspective knowledge and thought. You may have begun writing before the conclusions were formulated. Your data may be weak or inconclusive Figure removed for copyright reasons.
The discussion section should relate your results to those found in other studies particularly if questions raised from prior studies served as the motivation for your research. This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and in what ways your study differs from other research about the topic. The Discussion section must follow out of your results and relate to your literature review.
Make certain that all you discuss is included within the results section. Some universities need a separate section on strategies for policy and exercise andor future research while some permit you to include this inside your discussion check the.
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