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If I Paraphrase A Paragraph How To Cite. Sum up the main ideas of the authors argument using your own words and sentence structure. Simply including one citation at the end of a paragraph is NOT APA compliant. The reader cannot know with one citation which ideas are yours and which are from the article.
When you add sources to a paper. When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format. Paraphrasing is covered in Sections 823 and 824 of the APA Publication Manual Seventh Edition.
This guidance has been expanded from the 6th edition. When you paraphrase you use your own words. This is usually preferable to direct quotes because the information is written in your own style but you must be careful not to change the meaning.
When paraphrasing you must still acknowledge where you got the idea from by including a parenthetical citation. When citing paraphrased information APA requires you to include the author and date. Assuming you have written an entire paragraph that is a paraphrase from another article and you want to know how to cite it the answer is it will depend on what citation style youre using.
MLA and APA are the two most commonly used citation styles. In the case of MLA used in the humanities English etc you may insert an in-text citation at the end of your paragraph to the original article and include the page numbers. Paraphrasing demonstrates that you understand the material and are applying it to your topic.
Of course sometimes direct quotes are most appropriate so dont be afraid to use them. If your entire paragraph is paraphrase of info you got from one of your sources just put the citation at the very end like you said. Regardless of which citation style you use each quote or paraphrase must be cited individually.
Even if you have 3 sentences in a row that all paraphrase the same source you still have to use 3 citations rather than just one. The only exception to this rule is a longer block quote set off from the rest of your text. Include the authors name in parentheses at the end of your paraphrased paragraph or sentence.
If no author is available as is the case with many websites then cite the article name. If there is no article title then list the website name. For electronic sources its not necessary to include page or paragraph numbers.
When quoting place quotation marks around the selected passage to show where the quote begins and where it ends. Make sure to include an in-text citation. Paraphrasing is used to show that you understand what the author wrote.
You must reword the passage expressing the ideas in your own words and not just change a few words here and there. The citation should appear only after the final sentence of the paraphrase. If however it will be unclear to your reader where your sources idea begins include the author of the source in your prose rather than in a parenthetical citation.
For example the following is a paraphrase from an essay by Naomi S. If the document includes a heading and no paragraph or page numbers cite the heading and the number of the paragraph following the heading. Use the abbreviation para.
Credit direct quotations of on-line material by giving author year and page number in parentheses. According the MLA after you create a paraphrase you should include an in-text citation with the paraphrase. In addition to the short in-text citation a full reference should be included in your Works Cited page.
This will focus only on the in-text citation but seen this guide for more information on MLA works cited citations. When you write information or ideas from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion. Paraphrasing from One Page Include a full in-text citation with the author name and page number if there is one.
When you write information from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows. Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlbys studies Hunt 1993. At the top of the note card write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase.
Check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form. Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source. When you write information or ideas from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion.
Include a full in-text citation with the author name and page number if there is one. Be sure to include an in-text citation for each source you directly quote paraphrase or otherwise reference. If multiple sentences reference the same work and the same central idea you can use one parenthetical citation for that entire block of writing instead of including one after each sentence.
Paraphrasing can be tricky. You need to make sure that you dont copy the original authors style or wording. Even if you have a citation such borrowing would be considered plagiarism.
Paraphrases should sound like you using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work. The citation should appear only after the final sentence of the paraphrase. If however it will be unclear to your reader where your sources idea begins include the author of the source in your prose rather than in a parenthetical citation.
For example the following is a paraphrase from an essay by Naomi S.
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