Summarizing Paraphrasing And Quoting Citing Text Evidence Worksheet
Paraphrase Cite Quotes. Cite secondary sources sparinglyfor instance when the original work is out of print unavailable or available only in a language that you do not understand. If possible as a matter of good scholarly practice find the primary source read it and cite it directly rather than citing a secondary source. When should I include a reference.
You need to provide a citation whenever you refer to an idea that you derived from a source. This is the case whether you use a direct quote a paraphrase or even just a direct or indirect mentionYou need to include a brief citation in the text at the place where you refer to the source and a full citation in your bibliography or reference list. When you write a paper for a university class you will be expected to express the results of your research in your own words.
Copying an entire paper or even words or ideas from a source and presenting this as your own work is called plagiarism and is a major form of academic dishonesty. To ensure that you arent plagiarizing you need to give credit to the creators of the original ideas. How to Paraphrase and Quote Block Quotes in MLA Style Short quotations can be included as part of a larger sentence or within a paragraph in the body of your paper.
For quotations longer than four lines use a block quote. Press enter to start the quotation on a new line. Press Tab to indent the entire quotation 12 inch from the left margin.
Unlike quotes along with paraphrases which are used to cite particular lines or passages from cited sources summaries also allow briefly assess or mention articles and larger works like novels or books as a whole. Plus you dont want to include too many quotes. If youre citing data facts or statistics paraphrasing is your best option.
You can use paraphrasing to avoid having too many direct quotes in your paper. A paraphrase condenses the ideas in a quote and changes the original language. You still need to cite a paraphrase.
Choose one of three methods. Paraphrase completely format the list as a block quote pulled verbatim from the source or quote individual passages. Whether paraphrasing or quoting always cite the source.
How to cite a paraphrased list When paraphrasing items in a list use a signal phrase or citation in the paragraph text before the list. How to cite a paraphrase. Once you have your perfectly paraphrased text you need to ensure you credit the original author.
No matter what citation style you use you always paraphrase in the same way. The only thing that is different is the in-text citation. When students are expected to cite evidence from readings beginning in late elementary grades the problem of when and how to use paraphrasing and direct quotes arises as well as how to combine the two seamlessly.
Lets start with a story everyone knows The Three Little Pigs Suppose the version of the story being analyzed. AUSB Writing Center 51817 Citing Sources. MLA uses an authorlocation page paragraph system of citation.
You can cite in 2 ways. With a signal phrase. Stevens claims modern poetry has to find what will suffice 132.
Modern poetry has to find what will suffice Stevens 132. Authors name verb presentpresent perfect. Paraphrase Cite Quotes thesis state of the art example case study lean startup histrionic personality case study.
About us FAQ Moneyback Guarantee Confidentiality Policy. Research paper Assignment Book Report Homework Thesis. Differences between citation and paraphrase.
Reference bibliography and plagiarism April 30 2014 April 4 2017 David Mairal This post is also available in. A direct quotation reproduces words verbatim from another work or from your own previously published work. It is best to paraphrase sources rather than directly quoting them because paraphrasing allows you to fit material to the context of your paper and writing style.
Use direct quotations rather than paraphrasing. A paraphrase lets you control what point or information is highlighted. A paraphrase allows you turn a long passage into a condensed focused passage.
Direct quotes are helpful but paraphrasing allows you show that you truly understand a work. Is it easier to quote a source or paraphrase. What does MLA have to do with it.
Once you have found sources there are two ways to use them in a paper. Quotation and paraphraseQuotation means placing a sources words in quotation marks and using them exactly as you found them whereas paraphrasing means putting borrowed ideas or information into your own wordsBoth require citation an upcoming mini-lecture. There are strict rules governing quotations.
A paraphrase is different from the original because it uses easier more simple words and phrases. Often the sentences are shorter and written in a more direct style. When you write a paraphrase the writing should sound like you not like an author.
A paraphrase is often longer than the original because you need more words to explain something. When you paraphrase you restate the ideas of another writer in your own words. Either cite the source in parentheses after the quotations final punctuation or cite the author and year in your paper before the quotation and place only the page number in parentheses after the quotations final punctuation.
For example no one should ever try to paraphrase John. Ask not what your country can do for you. Ask what you can do for your country However think of direct quotes like a hot pepper.
Go ahead and sprinkle them around to add some spice to your paper but you might not want to overdo it.
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